A selection of animal welfare news from around the world Brought to you by Please note that the articles below do not reflect opinions of TAWC. Although we aim to provide comprehensive coverage, there are likely articles that we’ve missed. O/S = Overseas source Send us your news! News 16 - 29 June 2022 Cross-sectoral What would a national livestock standstill entail? (Sheep Central)Ethicist’s commentary on use of Ventilation Shut Down (Univ Copenhagen O/S)$1million funding boost to RSPCA South Australia to fight animal cruelty (Murray Valley Standard)New Research Identifies Key Differences Between Intentional Animal Abuse and Neglect (AWI O/S)Animal agriculture 'threatens human survival' (Food Manufacture O/S) Cattle in beef & dairy production Videos emerge of heat stress deaths in US feedlot cattle (Beef Central)Maleny Dairies addresses animal welfare concerns with artificial insemination, adoption (ABC) Pigs in pork production Comfortable sow, healthier piglets (Teagasc O/S)Study finds mixed litter system, enrichment promotes pig resilience (National Hog Farmer O/S)Pig problems as the NZ debate over farrowing crates continues (Otago Daily Times O/S)Researchers create music as environmental enrichment for pigs (National Hog Farmer O/S) Poultry in meat & egg production Costco violates animal welfare laws to sell $4.99 chicken, suit says (Washington Post O/S)UK Government confirms consultation into ending cages in farming (Farming UK O/S)Pressure grows on UK egg sector to end beak trimming (Poultry World O/S)Cages for laying hens banned from new coops, to be phased out in existing ones (Times of Israel O/S)Genetically Engineered Hens Made to Kill Their Own Chicks (Epoch Times O/S)From cages to cage free – an industry perspective (Poultry World O/S) Sheep in meat & wool production Biological defleecing trials produce promising results in 'potential game changer' for wool industry (ABC)UK MPs view mulesing footage as FTA is reviewed (Sheep Central)Non-mulesed premiums of 250 cents lead wool lift (Sheep Central)Gippsland sheep farmer gets 10-year animal ban (Sheep Central) ...

presents   Em. Prof. Donald M. BroomEmeritus Professor of Animal Welfare,University of Cambridge, U.K. on The Concept of Stress in Relation to Welfare Watch it on YouTube Other TAWC Talks A selection of animal welfare news from around the world Brought to you by Please note that the articles below do not reflect opinions of TAWC. Although we aim to provide comprehensive coverage, there are likely articles that we’ve missed. O/S = Overseas source Send us your news! News 2 - 15 June 2022 Cross-sectoral Investment in animal health systems is essential for our future One Health (Euroactiv O/S)Beyond Meat accused protein misinformation in US class action (Beef Central)Germany's new animal welfare label: Does it make a difference? (DW O/S)ASPCA grant funding to support end to US factory farming (DVM360 O/S)Food companies urged to move faster on animal welfare (Watt Poultry O/S)Awards Recognize Animal Welfare And Environmental Achievements (CIWF O/S) Cattle in beef & dairy production UK: Rewarding higher animal welfare on dairy farms (Dairy Global O/S)US dairy welfare expert speaks at UK collaboration event (The Cattle Site O/S)US Dairy Farm Forced to Euthanize 3,665 Cows After Years of Pollution from Local Air Force Base (One Green Planet O/S)Study shows calm cows might make more milk (NZ Herald O/S) Pigs in pork production Changing pig care regulations may leave farmers and consumers out of pocket – report (NZ Herald O/S)NPPC, Farm Bureau File Prop. 12 Brief With Supreme Court (NPPC O/S) Poultry in meat & egg production Pasture-raised hens create challenges for nutritionists (Watt Poultry O/S)FACT Resolves Consumer Protection Lawsuit Against Wendy's Regarding Animal Welfare Statements About Eggs (PR Newswire O/S)There are valid financial concerns about going cage free (Watt Poultry O/S)Organic poultry farming on the rise in the UK (Poultry World O/S)Market-driven initiatives to improve broiler welfare (Poultry World O/S)Cal-Maine: HPAI in US is affecting cage-free conversion (Watt Poultry O/S)Activists across Asia call for McDonald’s to end use of cage eggs (FMT O/S) Sheep in meat & wool production Vet links...

presents Marine animals and their welfare featuring Presentation by: Dr. Brittany Jones, Scientist - National Marine Mammal Foundation, California, U.S.A. on Acoustic monitoring for marine mammal health and welfare Watch it on YouTube Other TAWC Talks A selection of animal welfare news from around the world Brought to you by Please note that the articles below do not reflect opinions of TAWC. Although we aim to provide comprehensive coverage, there are likely articles that we’ve missed. O/S = Overseas source Send us your news! News 19 May - 1 June 2022 Cross-sectoral MPI working with Southern farmers to manage winter grazing challenges (MPI NZ O/S)World Animal Protection Joins SAFE’s Call For A Commissioner For Animals In Aotearoa (Scoop O/S)Experts call on governments to start including animal welfare in sustainable development governance (CABI O/S)Meta‐analysis and systematic literature review of climate change effects on livestock welfare (EFSA O/S) Cattle in beef & dairy production The meat and dairy farmers who are going vegan (BBC O/S)Animal activists “sprayed with manure” at UK beef expo (Beef Central) Pigs in pork production Interview with Mike Mendl: Integrating computer vision with pig welfare (Pig Progress O/S)The time has come to stop castrating piglets overseas (Pig Progress O/S)Necrosis and long tails do not go well together (Pig Progress O/S)Drawbacks of proposed pig welfare changes (Otago Times O/S)Carl Icahn gets only 1 percent of McDonald’s investors to support his campaign on pigs. (NYT O/S) Poultry in meat & egg production Huge changes for NZ's largest egg business as it moves to free-range (NZ Herald O/S)Sensors reveal effects of perch design on keel fractures (Watt Poultry O/S)Poultry violations at US slaughterhouses (Poultry World O/S)Decoding the labels in the supermarket egg case (Univ Georgia O/S)Novel approach to reduce cold stress in layers (Poultry World O/S)Data shows most companies are meeting cage-free pledges (Watt Poultry O/S)Asia-wide protests against McDonald’s use of cage eggs (Poultry World O/S) Sheep in meat & wool production Breech ring method lacks industry research support (Sheep Central O/S)Shear desperation: low price of...

Presentations by:Dr. Kirsty Richards,  with commentaries by Mr. Andrew DavisProf. Culum BrownTalulah Gaunt  Watch them all here Register here to get notified A selection of animal welfare news from around the world Brought to you by Please note that the articles below do not reflect opinions of TAWC. Although we aim to provide comprehensive coverage, there are likely articles that we’ve missed. O/S = Overseas source Send us your news! News 5 - 18 May 2022 Cross-sectoral Study shows latest CAP helped to improve animal welfare (Agriland O/S)AWI Partners with Four Paws to Provide Crucial Aid for Animals in Ukraine (AWI O/S)How livestock is getting caught in the climate change crossfire (Corporate Knights O/S)Slapping a 'vegan' label on your product doesn't always pay off – as people expect it to taste WORSE, study finds (Daily Mail O/S) Cattle in beef & dairy production Dairy-beef scheme applications up 15% in 2022 (Irish Examiner O/S)Stock must be fit to travel (Dairy News O/S)Russian soldiers kill 110 cattle on Ukraine farm (Dairy Global O/S)Absentee farmer fined $25,000 for animal cruelty to cattle (Sheep Central)Farming Connect O/S) Pigs in pork production ‘Free’ Farrowing: Exploring different international farrowing regulations, industry- and market-led initiatives – Emma Baxter SRUC Brief (SRUC O/S)Why is it relevant to analyse pig vocalisations? (Pig Progress O/S)NZ Pork industry wants welfare code extended to imports (RNZ O/S)'Pig' of a new welfare code (NZ Rural News O/S)Pig welfare monitoring system wins Pig World New Product Award at British Pig & Poultry Fair (Pig World O/S) Poultry in meat & egg production Are cage-free mandates wiping out US family farms? (Watt Poultry O/S)Early experience matters when rearing cage-free pullets (Watt Poultry O/S)Austria bans ‘senseless’ killing of chicks with new animal welfare rules (The Local O/S)US cage-free housing state law update (Watt Poultry O/S)What consumers want to know about poultry welfare (Watt Poultry O/S) Sheep in meat & wool production UK sheep sector's Australia concerns 'exaggerated' (Scottish Farmer O/S)Sheep industry is sacrificial lamb...

presentsFarm Animal Welfare Certificationfeaturing Presentation by: Talulah Gaunt, Manager - RSPCA Approved on RSPCA Approved Farming Scheme Watch here Register here to get notified A selection of animal welfare news from around the world Brought to you by Please note that the articles below do not reflect opinions of TAWC. Although we aim to provide comprehensive coverage, there are likely articles that we’ve missed. O/S = Overseas source Send us your news! News 21 April - 4 May 2022 Cross-sectoral Australian farming standards were investigated before trade deal signed (Farm Online)World Animal Vaccination Day celebrates better animal welfare (The Cattle Site O/S)WA Government allocates $500,000 to animal welfare groups (Farm Weekly)Animal Welfare: citizens and farmers together for the future of breeding (Slow Food O/S)McDonald’s continues defence of animal welfare commitments (Meat+Poultry O/S)Carl Icahn slams McDonald's over animal welfare practices in fiery letter to investors (CNN O/S)Animal welfare must be a cornerstone of ethical food policy (The Grocer O/S) Cattle in beef & dairy production Coca-Cola et al to pay $21m to settle fairlife animal abuse litigation: 'Animal welfare is and will always be a top priority...

A selection of animal welfare news from around the world Brought to you by Please note that the articles below do not reflect opinions of TAWC. Although we aim to provide comprehensive coverage, there are likely articles that we’ve missed. O/S = Overseas source Send us your news! News 7 - 20 April 2022 Cross-sectoral Judging for the Future – Online training courses on animal welfare offered by Agricultural Shows of Australia (Agricultural Shows of Australia)The 5 Domains model for animal welfare (Pig Progress O/S)Why Europe needs to talk about livestock vaccination (European Scientist O/S)A dose of resilience research for livestock producers (Beef Central)R.M. Williams could soon be making a plant-based boot (Beef Central)Livestock Pain Relief and Prevention Market is Anticipated To Grow At A Steady CAGR | Zoetis, Merck, Elanco (Digital Journal O/S)Plant-based patties, lab-grown meat and insects: how the protein industry is innovating (Science Meets Business)Plant based food substitutes on the rise, but not at the expense of meat sales says ABS (Beef Central)Grill’d backs down on exclusively plant-based burger restaurant venture (Beef Central) Cattle in beef & dairy production Research shows young dairy calves like to have company (The Western Producer O/S)Acorn poison warning after toxin kills dairy cattle in Victoria (ABC)Caring for cows and people (Dairy News Australia)SmartCow project aims to promote animal welfare and healthy livestock (Agriland O/S)Lameness detection tool wins prestigious innovation award (Farming UK O/S) Pigs in pork production What types of free farrowing pens are there? (Pig333 O/S) Poultry in meat & egg production Bird flu's grisly question: How to kill millions of poultry (CBS News O/S)KFC faces backlash over ‘misleading’ portrayal of UK chicken farming (The Guardian O/S)How farm raised welfare with switch to fully beaked birds (Farmers Weekly O/S)Top tips when choosing the right technology for your poultry business (Poultrysense O/S)‘Frankenchicken’ at the centre of fight for animal welfare (The Guardian O/S)Cultivated meat company seeks poultry industry partners (Watt Poultry O/S) Sheep in meat & wool production ...

presents Marine animals and their welfare featuring Presentation by: Professor Culum Brown, Macquarie University on Fish cognition: Implication for welfare Watch here Register here to get notified A selection of animal welfare news from around the world Brought to you by Please note that the articles below do not reflect opinions of TAWC. Although we aim to provide comprehensive coverage, there are likely articles that we’ve missed. O/S = Overseas source Send us your news! News 24 March - 6 April 2022 Cross-sectoral US approaches to animal welfare: the reality (New Food O/S)Carl Icahn is expanding his animal-welfare campaign to Kroger, after first targeting McDonald’s (CNBC O/S)Meat definitions inquiry – where to next? (Sheep Central) Cattle in beef & dairy production Dairy industry ends routine calf induction (Farm Online)Cows Have Always Been Our Companions. Here's Why That's Key to a Sustainable Future. (Global Citizen O/S)Genetically modified cattle may be sold for food in U.S. (AVMA O/S)MILKED The Documentary Is Finally Here, And The Dairy Industry Might Not Like It (Plant Based News O/S) Pigs in pork production SRUC to examine breeding for social competence on animal welfare (National Hog Farmer O/S)Swine language: scientists decode pig emotions from their sounds (The Guardian O/S) Poultry in meat & egg production Food Businesses make progress towards the Better Chicken Commitment, latest ChickenTrack Report reveals (Global Newswire O/S)The end of free-range eggs? Year-round bird flu outbreaks may keep hens inside (The Guardian O/S)Advice on managing welfare issues in multi-tier layer systems (Farmers Weekly O/S)We love our eggs, but price cracks emerge in affair with free range (Farmonline)PETA continues to mislabel Vital Farms on welfare claims (WATT Poultry O/S)Tyson specialists raise animal welfare culture awareness (Watt Poultry O/S)Cal-Maine Foods investing $82m on cage-free production (Feedstuffs O/S) Sheep in meat & wool production Sensors detect ryegrass staggers in sheep (Sheep Central) ...

A selection of animal welfare news from around the world Brought to you by Please note that the articles below do not reflect opinions of TAWC. Although we aim to provide comprehensive coverage, there are likely articles that we’ve missed. O/S = Overseas source Send us your news! News 10 - 23 March 2022 Cross-sectoral Former senior RSPCA officers launch campaign to repair ‘broken’ animal welfare system (The Guardian and Australian Alliance for Animals)Numnuts investor backs injectable lidocaine change (Sheep Central)Evidence alone won't cut it in modern ag advocacy: AFI conference (Farm Online)Ukrainian pets, animals rescued amid Russian violence (NY Post O/S) Cattle in beef & dairy production Dairy farmers in England to be paid for vet visits (Dairy Global O/S)BBC hit with complaints over ‘heartbreaking’ Panorama documentary on cow abuse that left viewers ‘shocked to the core’ (Metro O/S) Pigs in pork production Project SoundWel aims to understand the encoding of emotion in pig vocalisations (Project SoundWel O/S)UK launches pig welfare training platform (The Pig Site O/S and ADHB O/S)The new challenge of crate-free housing in farrowing (Pig 333 O/S)Nip in the bud (Teagasc O/S)Faster processing speeds approved at three US pork plants (The Pig Site o/S) Poultry in meat & egg production Through the hen’s eyes: $1 million grant to improve cage-free housing for egg laying (Purdue Univ O/S)‘They’re cooking them alive’: calls to ban ‘cruel’ killing methods on US farms (The Guardian O/S)In Ovo raises money to end male chick culling (Watt Poultry O/S)Ukraine Farming: 3 million hens could die of starvation (Watt Poultry O/S)Science-based criteria could improve poultry welfare (Watt Poultry O/S) Sheep in meat & wool production Sheep Sustainability Framework announces new Steering Group members, new Chair and new Board representatives (The Sheep Site)Life bans and $225,000 in fines for sheep cruelty (Sheep Central) ...

presents the first session of TAWC Talks on The human-animal relationship featuring Presentation by Dr. Kirsty Richards from SunProk Group Followed by commentary by Mr. Andrew Davis from AutismCRC   Visit TAWC Talks here A selection of animal welfare news from around the world Brought to you by Please note that the articles below do not reflect opinions of TAWC. Although we aim to provide comprehensive coverage, there are likely articles that we’ve missed. O/S = Overseas source Send us your news! News 24 February - 9 March 2022 Cross-sectoral How animals in Ukraine are being rescued during war (BBC O/S) Welfare hotline set up for livestock and pet owners on North Coast (The Land & NSW Govt) Purdue Centers to host micro-course focused on consumer-driven changes (Purdue Univ O/S) Animal welfare matters for sustainable development (Stockholm Environment Institute O/S) Cattle in beef & dairy production The Cruellest Part of Dairy Farming Is Totally Legal (Sentient Media O/S) Pigs in pork production Link between pig diets, gut health and tail biting studied (Pig Progress O/S) Carl Icahn pressuring McDonald’s to improve welfare of pigs raised for meat (The Guardian O/S) Who benefits from pig toys? (Pig Progress O/S) Grunt of the litter: scientists use AI to decode pig calls (The Guardian O/S) Poultry in meat & egg production DEFRA outlines priorities for funded poultry welfare changes (Poultry.Network) O/S) McDonald’s pressured on pig welfare. Is poultry next? (Watt Poultry O/S) Slower growing broilers coming in 2026 (Watt Poultry O/S) France to outlaw culling of day-old male chicks (Poultry World O/S) Sheep in meat & wool production More feedback sought on Middle East live sheep rules (Sheep Central) Animals in transit & at slaughter More feedback sought on Middle East live sheep rules (Sheep Central) Animals in aquaculture and wild caught Octopus Intelligence Has Been Proven by Science—Here's How (Newsweek O/S) Animals in research & teaching WA Animal Welfare Advisory Committee appointed (WA Govt) Animals in racing, sports & work Orange to White: Racing Looks Through The Eyes Of The Horse (Great British Racing O/S) Animals in zoos, aquaria & the wild Ukraine Zoo Animals Evacuated to Poland After Getting Surrounded by Russian Tanks (Newsweek O/S) Case Study: Taronga Zoo closed for first time since WW1 — launched Taronga T (Digital Nation) AWI Welcomes Introduction of Legislation to Protect North Atlantic Right Whales (Animal Welfare Institute O/S) Beyond animal care (Yambill County News O/S) Pets & companion animals RSPCA tips on the best way to take on the Pandemic Poultry trend (West Australian) ‘A ticking time bomb’: how breeding for cuteness is hurting dogs (The Age) Podcasts & presentations Professor Mark Hutchinson - President at Science and Technology Australia – addresses National Press Club on why Australia needs to “level up” on research commercialisation. (ABC iView          and YouTube) Animal Welfare Seminar 2022 - Animal Welfare in a Changing Climate – slides and Q/A’s (RSPCA) The Live Animal Transport Regulation Revision, with MEP Tilly Metz (EuroGroup for Animals O/S) Policy New farm animal welfare plan ‘must not distract from fur and foie gras U-turn (The Independent O/S) Animal Health and Welfare Pathway (DEFRA O/S) Don't mince words: definitions of meat and other animal products (Commonwealth of Australia) Other/Publications Professor Mark Hutchinson: 'How to take more great Australian science from 'bench to boardroom' 2 March (Details) Global Food Partners: Perspectives of Egg Producers in Asia: Adoption & Maintenance of Cage-free Systems in China, Thailand, Malaysia, Japan, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Feb 24 12.00pm AEDT (Global Food Partners) Animal Welfare and Sustainability - Can good animal welfare be part of sustainable agriculture? 3 March 20.00 AEDT(Scotland’s Rural College) Online Seminar on Working Dog Welfare by Dr. Mia Cobb 8 March, 10.00am AEDT. (City Univ of Hong Kong) Animal Welfare Concerns with Dog Breeding - Sir James Dunn Animal Welfare Centre Webinar. 16 March, 6.00 AEDT. (SJDAWC) Animal Welfare Concerns with Dog Breeding - Sir James Dunn Animal Welfare Centre Webinar. 23 March, 6.00 AEDT. (SJDAWC) European Assn of Zoos and Aquaria first Animal Welfare Forum. 21 – 24 March 2022,The Netherlands. (EAZA) Animal Welfare Concerns with Dog Breeding - Sir James Dunn Animal Welfare Centre Webinar. 30 March, 6.00 AEDT. (SJDAWC) 2nd Australian Biosecurity Symposium, Gold Coast, 3 – 5 May 2022. (Registration) Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour - Workshop On Ethics Of Animal Behaviour And Welfare Research, online 21-22 June, UK daytime (ASAB) UFAW International Conference, Edinburgh UK June 28-29 (Details) HSA International Conference – Livestock Welfare during Transport, Marketing & Slaughter. 30 June – 1 July 2022. Edinburgh UK. Details Australian Association of Animal Sciences Conference. 5 – 7 July 2022. (AAAS2022) European Conference on Precision Livestock Farming & International Conference on Precision Dairy Farming, 29 Aug-2 Sept University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna (Vetmeduni) The 55th Congress of the International Society of Applied Ethology, 4 – 8 Sept 2022. N Macedonia. (ISAE) Conferences, Seminars & Events Job opportunity: Animal Welfare Campaigner - Law and Policy (Details) Animal Welfare Concerns with Dog Breeding - Sir James Dunn Animal Welfare Centre Webinar. 16 March, 6.00 AEDT. (SJDAWC) Animal Welfare Concerns with Dog Breeding - Sir James Dunn Animal Welfare Centre Webinar. 23 March, 6.00 AEDT. (SJDAWC) European Assn of Zoos and Aquaria first Animal Welfare Forum. 21 – 24 March 2022, The Netherlands. (EAZA) Animal Welfare Concerns with Dog Breeding - Sir James Dunn Animal Welfare Centre Webinar. 30 March, 6.00 AEDT. (SJDAWC) 2nd Australian Biosecurity Symposium, Gold Coast, 3 – 5 May 2022. (Registration) Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour - Workshop On Ethics Of Animal Behaviour And Welfare Research, online 21-22 June, UK daytime (ASAB) UFAW International Conference, Edinburgh UK June 28-29 (Details) HSA International Conference – Livestock Welfare during Transport, Marketing & Slaughter. 30 June – 1 July 2022. Edinburgh UK. Details Australian Association of Animal Sciences Conference. 5 – 7 July 2022. (AAAS2022) European Conference on Precision Livestock Farming & International Conference on Precision Dairy Farming, 29 Aug-2 Sept University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna (Vetmeduni) The 55th Congress of the International Society of Applied Ethology, 4 – 8 Sept 2022. N Macedonia. (ISAE) Subscribe Note: By subscribing to Animal Welfare Snapshot, you are also consenting to receive other...

In 2022, The Animal Welfare Collaborative (TAWC) will host TAWC Talks; regular online presentations that address big topics related to animal welfare in Australia and internationally.In TAWC Talks, experts from a variety of disciplines will highlight challenges and discuss opportunities in the field of animal welfare.TAWC welcomes everyone with an interest in the continuous improvement to the wellbeing of animals to check out TAWC Talks.TAWC Talks will be freely available on the TAWC YouTube Channel and TAWC website. Details available soon. A selection of animal welfare news from around the world Brought to you by Please note that the articles below do not reflect opinions of TAWC. Although we aim to provide comprehensive coverage, there are likely articles that we’ve missed. O/S = Overseas source Send us your news! News 10 - 23 February 2022 Cross-sectoral Climate change impacts will require stronger animal welfare laws, RSCPA conference hears (Beef Central) Cattle in beef & dairy production New allegations of animal abuse won’t help a UK dairy sector already on the brink (The Grocer O/S)UK Dairy industry reacts to claims on BBC Panorama Programme (Farming Life O/S)UK Dairy farmers frustrated by poor welfare shown in TV report (Farmers Weekly O/S)Study finds significant production gains with shedded feedlot shades (Beef Central)EU animal welfare review could see tail docking, castration and dehorning ban (Farm online)Vic farmer receives 10-year ban and $60,000 fine (Beef Central) Pigs in pork production Causes of pig aggression and how to reduce it for better welfare (Farmers Weekly O/S)Activist Icahn takes on McDonald’s over animal welfare (Irish Times O/S)Delayed welfare law allows US pork producer to resume shipments to California (The Pig Site O/S)Genetic engineering: Promising tool to improve animal welfare (National Hog Farmer O/S)For now, only written arguments will be allowed to decide case on new US swine inspection system (Food Safety News O/S)Defra revises slaughter scheme to help ease pig crisis (Farmers Weekly O/S)Farmers blast 'utter disgrace' of 40,000 healthy pigs being culled due to lack of butchers with another 200,000 stuck on farms - as they demand investment so Britain 'can continue to be fed' (Daily Mail O/S) Poultry in meat & egg production How the egg sector can gain social media consumer impact (Watt Poultry O/S)Egg producers fear backyard chook owners may pose biosecurity risk to poultry industry (ABC)Meat Chicken Welfare Research Completed (Poultry Hub)Why the broiler industry is fighting Defra’s poultry transport plans (Farmers Weekly O/S)Insect proteins offer health, welfare benefits to poultry (Watt Poultry O/S)Industry May Apply VSD+ in the Event of HPAI Depletions (Egg News O/S)University of Tennessee researches animal welfare in poultry production (Meat+Poultry O/S)Israel Bans Cages for Egg Laying Hens (Jewish Press O/S)Taiwan bans cages for egg-laying ducks (Poultry World O/S) ...